Fair(ish) Use

One of the main things that I discussed in my original introductory post was the idea of ocean and needs need for protection. So I will be discussing more specifically in this post the idea of shark conservation efforts.

Sharks are one of my favorite animals and I think that they get a bad rep for being these horrible aggressive creatures where as in reality they are quite beautiful. On occasion shark attacks have been known to happen and I think this is where the fear comes into play. Of course with fear comes the need for control and hence the enactment of shark culls. A shark cull is a term used to describe the capture and killing of large predatory sharks. Australia, is one of the main places where shark culling still takes place and here is a statistic discussing it further:

“Between 1950 and 2008, 352 tiger sharks and 577 great white sharks were killed in the nets in New South Wales — also during this period, a total of 15,135 marine animals were killed in the nets in New South Wales, including whales, turtles, rays, dolphins, and dugongs”

As you can see shark culling practices not only kill sharks they also endanger and kill other forms of wildlife. This ultimately impacts ecosystems as a whole and can result in major consequences. Many large predatory sharks are what we call apex predators. Apex predators play a vital role in balancing out ecosystems. Without these creatures ecosystems as we know it would seize to exist.

One source summed it up this way:

“As apex predators, sharks play an important role in the ecosystem by maintaining the species below them in the food chain and serving as an indicator for ocean health. They help remove the weak and the sick as well as keeping the balance with competitors helping to ensure species diversity.”

Many parts of the world are now beginning to realize the negative impacts of shark culling but it still exists. Ocean ecosystems, like all, are sensitive to small changes and I believe it is important for this to be understood. Sharks aren’t the enemy and ultimately, us humans, are visitors in their environment.

I’ll end with this quote from Peter Benchley an ocean activist and writer of Jaws.

“We provoke a shark every time we enter the water where sharks happen to be, for we forget: The ocean is not our territory – it’s theirs.”

Fair Use:

I used the following four factors to determine if I am protected under fair use for this post.

  1. Purpose and character of the use: The use of quotes and images was educational. I also used them to discuss the material in a new way meaning that I changed the material.
  2. The nature of the work being used: I used factual, nonfiction work and then I used that to interrupt further meaning.
  3. The amount and substance of the work being used: I only used a portion of the work and it wouldn’t be considered the “heart of the work”.
  4. The effect on real or potential market that’s free or free for your audience: I used sources that were readily available for free online so I would say that the market of the work was not at stake. I also only used small portions of the work for an educational.

After reviewing the four standard guidelines of fair use I would say that I passed the test with both my photo and my quotes. The photo was a little bit trickier to determine because sometimes photos available online are still copyrighted. Although, I think that since this is an educational blog I am protected . After learning about copyright and fair use I now notice all of the warnings against copyright that I didn’t notice before.

Articles used:

https://eu.oceana.org/en/importance-sharks-0

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Australian_shark_cull

One thought on “Fair(ish) Use”

  1. Excellent! I agree with your analysis and this strikes me as eminently fair use.

    One thing to note about the various copyright notices and such you will see is that people will often make assertions about what you can and cannot do…I’ve seen examples so extreme that they assert that no one can use anything they have published/shared, down to single words and lines!

    So, remember: you ALWAYS have a right to make fair use. That cannot be taken away no matter what someone might tell you.

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