- What is considered an “undue burden” in respect to required accommodations?
- What happens to institutions that get caught not following ADA and/or IDEA?
- Is universal design ignored by some designers because isn’t regulated?
For this assignment I chose to go old school and implement one of the classic productivity techniques. I picked the Pomodoro method because it seemed like an interesting one. I used this method to complete some of the other posts for Collection III. I set a timer for 25 minutes and went to work on the Weave it assignment. After 25 minutes I still wasn’t finished so I took a short 3 minute break and then continued on with this pattern. After 4 short breaks I took a longer one. By the end of this method I had completed three different assignments for collection III. I actually really enjoyed this method and I think that it did make me more productive than usual. When I’m doing homework assignments I normally take breaks like this but they aren’t as scheduled and time limited. I think setting a time limit for the break really helps you to get back on track and continue on with your work. The only negative to this system is you can’t stop in the middle of a 25 minute session. For example during one of my sessions my washer beeped to indicate it was finished but I couldn’t get up to turn it off. My washer is a little bit annoying because it keeps beeping until you turn it off so that was the one downside. With that being said, after testing this system out I think I might use it more often in my life not just for school work but maybe for things like household tasks as well. I think that the positives out weigh the negatives so it is worth using. This assignment was a good one and I think it might contribute to me being more productive in the future.
Ask yourself, and write: what are the commonalities and differences (with those you’ve chosen and yourself)? Where do you agree and disagree? How can you answer (some of) their questions? Do you have links or resources that might help them and further their thinking? What was new to you? What was missing?
For this assignment I chose to look at three different versions of the Fair(ish) Use post.
The first post I looked at was from Sam Starr’s blog. Sam’s post was similar to mine in that his subject content was related to conservation. I discussed conservation as well but in a different way then Sam. Sam decided to create an assignment with conservation as the main starting point which I thought was a really cool idea. The idea of using photos to promote conservation is something that I had never really thought of before but I can see why it would be a successful idea. I think that a picture is really worth a thousand words so showing images of wildlife/landscapes should be helpful in promoting the idea of conservation. For this assignment we were supposed to create something and then determine if it was fair use or not. I would have to agree with Sam in saying that his assignment was well within the guidelines for fair use. I didn’t think that Sam was missing anything for this assignment and I think that he did a great job.
The second post I looked at was from Abdulallah Arbabzadah’s blog. The subject of Abdulallah’s post was a lot different than mine but at the end we drew conclusions in the same way. He used the four guidelines for fair use and so did I. I thought his post was interesting and it taught me more about the Affordable Care Act. I would have to agree with his argument that the ACA is successful. I think that he brought it solid evidence to support this. I would also have to agree with his conclusion that his assignment falls within the guidelines of fair use. The evidence he chose to support his argument I thought was within the boundaries of fair use. I don’t think he was missing anything for this assignment.
The third and final post I looked at was from Maureen Clay’s blog. The subject of Maureen’s blog like Abdulallah’s was much different than mine but again, conclusions were drawn in the same way. I thought her post was interesting and I learned a lot about sheet music. I am not a musical in any way so it is interesting to learn about copyright laws in this context. I would have to agree with her conclusion that her use of sheet music constitutes fair use. She used evidence to support this argument and I think that she did a good job. Like the other two I don’t think anything was missing from this assignment.
Overall, I really enjoyed reading and comparing these three blogs to mine. I think that this was a good assignment because it helped me to see how different people saw the assignment. I really liked how everyones post were completely different but the end result was the same. I think that this shows just how broad of a scope fair use covers. I learned a lot from the other three posts so this was a very informative assignment.
Task: Reflect on your experience performing one of the required collection activities. What did you find most challenging? What questions remain? Why do you think I required it? What advice would you give a student if you could travel into the future and give them advice?
This activity was one that I actually ended up really enjoying even though for me it was challenging. I think the most challenging thing for me was watching the video of myself after I recorded it. I really hate hearing or seeing myself on film so it is always painful to review stuff like this for me. I don’t like the sound of my voice so I think that is the main issue but with that being said I thought it was a great way to air out questions about fair use and copyright. I really enjoyed watching other peoples videos and hearing the scenarios they came up with. I think that after listening to the scenarios and the various replies I have a better understanding of copyright. I think this assignment was required because it helps you to see if we fully understand the concepts at hand. It also helps the students to better understand the various components of fair use/copyright. As for questions that remain I’m curious to see how people respond to my scenario and what they think about it. If I could give advice to a future student about this assignment it would be don’t wait too long to complete this assignment because it takes some thinking to complete.
Think About Your Thinking (5-15 pts)
Task: Reflect on your experience performing one of the required collection activities, answering the following questions: what did you find most challenging? What questions remain? Why do you think I required it? What advice would you give a student if you could travel into the future and give them advice?
Fair(ish) use review
One of the tasks that I found challenging for this collection was the fair(ish) use assignment. It was difficult for me to come up with a topic to write about and then once I did I was still a bit confused whether or not what I was doing was okay. With Fair use I was never really sure what the deal with photographs is. I think that this topic is especially difficult in this day and age because everything is easily accessible on the internet. It is hard to say what is considered public and what isn’t because we don’t know who originally shared the photo with the world. My one question about this would be if someone shares a photo via social media and there profile is public is their photo protected by copyright or can some else take it and share it? I think that this assignment was required because it makes us think about what tools we can use as educators. I think a lot of people are afraid of infringing on copyright but there is a lot of protection for people especially those in the educational world. I enjoyed this assignment because it was both challenging and interesting. It allowed me to pick a topic that is important to me and put it into action. My advice for future students would be to pick a topic that you care about otherwise it won’t as fun.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
For this image that I created I chose the CC BY-NC license. I picked this license because I wanted people to be able to share and remake my work but not in a non-commercial way. With this license people also have to credit me but if they use my work in their own project the aspects of this license don’t apply. I don’t think it is necessary for them to have to use this license if they use my work to credit something entirely new. I chose NC because I don’t want my original work to be used for profit. I think that my work should be used in more of an information sharing type of setting not necessarily for profit. With that being said I didn’t pick ND because I think that people should be able to use my work and share it amongst themselves. I also didn’t pick SA because I think that once my work is changed or used in a different way it no longer belongs to me so people can do what they want with it. Overall, I’m trying to promote my work in an educational, non-commercial setting but only if my work is directly used. I think that other people should be allowed to take my work and change it to suit their own purposes.
#1: Proper use
Someone takes my work and wants to share it directly with other people. So the person takes my work and shares it directly with his/her friends/followers while giving me credit for the image. They share the photo for free and not commercially.
#2 Improper use
Someone takes my work and wants to share it directly with other people. So they take my work and they share it but they don’t give me credit. They also try to sell the image to other people which is another violation of the creative commons terms.
For the improper use scenario if I discovered this happening I would try to contact the person/people and make them aware of the licensing this work is under. If they were just ignorant and they stopped doing what they were doing I think it would end there. If they continued to sell my work then there are laws in place that are there to protect my creation.
One of the main things that I discussed in my original introductory post was the idea of ocean and needs need for protection. So I will be discussing more specifically in this post the idea of shark conservation efforts.
Sharks are one of my favorite animals and I think that they get a bad rep for being these horrible aggressive creatures where as in reality they are quite beautiful. On occasion shark attacks have been known to happen and I think this is where the fear comes into play. Of course with fear comes the need for control and hence the enactment of shark culls. A shark cull is a term used to describe the capture and killing of large predatory sharks. Australia, is one of the main places where shark culling still takes place and here is a statistic discussing it further:
“Between 1950 and 2008, 352 tiger sharks and 577 great white sharks were killed in the nets in New South Wales — also during this period, a total of 15,135 marine animals were killed in the nets in New South Wales, including whales, turtles, rays, dolphins, and dugongs”
As you can see shark culling practices not only kill sharks they also endanger and kill other forms of wildlife. This ultimately impacts ecosystems as a whole and can result in major consequences. Many large predatory sharks are what we call apex predators. Apex predators play a vital role in balancing out ecosystems. Without these creatures ecosystems as we know it would seize to exist.
One source summed it up this way:
“As apex predators, sharks play an important role in the ecosystem by maintaining the species below them in the food chain and serving as an indicator for ocean health. They help remove the weak and the sick as well as keeping the balance with competitors helping to ensure species diversity.”
Many parts of the world are now beginning to realize the negative impacts of shark culling but it still exists. Ocean ecosystems, like all, are sensitive to small changes and I believe it is important for this to be understood. Sharks aren’t the enemy and ultimately, us humans, are visitors in their environment.
I’ll end with this quote from Peter Benchley an ocean activist and writer of Jaws.
“We provoke a shark every time we enter the water where sharks happen to be, for we forget: The ocean is not our territory – it’s theirs.”
I used the following four factors to determine if I am protected under fair use for this post.
- Purpose and character of the use: The use of quotes and images was educational. I also used them to discuss the material in a new way meaning that I changed the material.
- The nature of the work being used: I used factual, nonfiction work and then I used that to interrupt further meaning.
- The amount and substance of the work being used: I only used a portion of the work and it wouldn’t be considered the “heart of the work”.
- The effect on real or potential market that’s free or free for your audience: I used sources that were readily available for free online so I would say that the market of the work was not at stake. I also only used small portions of the work for an educational.
After reviewing the four standard guidelines of fair use I would say that I passed the test with both my photo and my quotes. The photo was a little bit trickier to determine because sometimes photos available online are still copyrighted. Although, I think that since this is an educational blog I am protected . After learning about copyright and fair use I now notice all of the warnings against copyright that I didn’t notice before.